Automation testing is a golden practice for developing high-quality software. Quality analysts or testers use test automation to achieve faster feedback, promote a better quality of code and improve the overall software quality. The main intention behind automation testing is to increase the efficiency and coverage of software testing.
Many tools facilitate automation testing. It is essential to select the right tool for test automation. However, choosing the right tool may be challenging for the testers and developer that best aligns with the Software Requirement Specification (SRS). Among the various automation testing tools, the Playwright is turning out to be a rising tool for software test automation. It is an amazing tool to get started with software testing. Playwright is an automaton testing framework that enables testing across multiple browsers. It supports unit testing as well as automated end-to-end testing.
This blog will discuss ten features of Playwright for seamless automation testing. It will provide insight into key features of Playwright, such as the cross-browser features and auto-waiting mechanisms. By reading this blog, you will get ideas on the important benefits of Playwright and why you choose Playwright over other tools for automation testing.
What is Playwright?
Playwright is an open-source automation testing tool based on the Node.js library. The developers and QA analysts can use this tool to automate the test process by interacting with web browsers to develop a high-performance web application. Playwright has exciting features that make testing single-page or complex web apps easy.
It allows testing across various browsers, such as Chrome, Firefox, and MS Edge. One of the advantages of the tool is cross-browser web automation. In this blog, you will learn more about the ten unique features of Playwright that set it apart from other automation testing tools.
LambdaTest is a reliable solution for automation testing with Playwright. It seamlessly integrates with Playwright, enabling you to write and execute tests efficiently. With LambdaTest’s cloud-based infrastructure, you can easily perform cross-browser and cross-device testing by accessing a wide range of real browsers, operating systems, and devices.
Parallel testing capabilities reduce test execution time, while scalability ensures consistent performance even with large test suites. The interactive testing feature allows manual interaction with the application, aiding in issue identification. LambdaTest provides detailed test insights, including logs, screenshots, and video recordings, facilitating effective analysis and issue resolution. It also integrates smoothly with popular CI/CD tools for seamless automation.
Ten Features of Playwright in Automation Testing
Here are the top features of Playwright in automation testing, which should be known to every tester and developer to make the best of its use.
Playwright Test Generator And Test Inspector
Playwright is a tool that has the ability to generate tests while performing actions in the browser. It opens two windows, a browser window where the website is opened and an inspector window where the Playwright records, copies, and clears the test. The playwright can record actions and generate test code in VS Code. Once the recording is done, you can review the generated test and then manually improve the test. The Playwright Inspector feature records all actions that occur on the browser.
For example, when you copy and paste the URL into a browser, you can find the same URL in the Inspector Page.
The Playwright automation testing framework comes with the test fixtures concept. These fixtures establish an environment for each test. These features allow you to group tests based on their meaning and not rely only on standard setups. You can define fixtures once and use them in your tests as needed. The fixtures are flexible, meaning testers can use any combination of fixtures to tailor the precise environment for testing. It can allow grouping tests according to their meaning. Some other advantages of fixtures over before/after hooks are:
● It is reusable and can be used in all tests.
● It is an on-demand feature that implies you can define as many fixtures as you like, and Playwright can set up the ones needed for testing.
● Fixtures are composable, indicating dependence on each other
● It simplifies grouping, allowing you to group tests by their meaning.
Playwright Auto-Waiting Mechanism
Auto-wait is a feature in Playwright that supports waiting for elements to become visible or interactive before performing the test. During automation testing, many of the elements that you want to use during automation testing are not visual or interactive. With the auto-wait mechanism, Playwright deals with false-negative results. Waiting for all elements to appear on the DOM structure leads to more accurate testing. The six conditions under which these actions depend are:
● Receives events
For every action, they pass through the above conditions. It waits for all relevant tests to be done before performing the required steps. If you are a developer or tester looking to validate your test, you can use the auto-wait mechanism of the Playwright automation testing tool.
Screenshots And Video Offerings On Test Failures
Playwright provides video or screenshots every time a test fails. This feature can be beneficial for testers and developers to find out what went wrong by reviewing the screenshot. You can have three options when you want a screenshot which is:
● On (Capture screenshot)
● Only-on-failure (Captures screenshots only when there is a failure in automation testing)
If you need a video, then you will get the following options to choose from:
Hence, the above feature can save the developers or testers time as they choose a part of the test instead of looking at the entire test. It can eliminate the flaky test.
A developer or tester who is looking to retry any test can add ‘retries’ to the script. Playwright retries features can allow getting screenshots and videos on the number of times a test was repeated. This feature can help to run a test multiple times. You can also choose the maximum number of retries needed. Playwright retries are also a feature that can help developers to figure out what went wrong. Hence, test retries are an approach to automatically execute a test when it fails. This feature is helpful when a test fails intermittently.
One of the unique features of Playwright is that it can generate codes based on user interaction on the website. Codegen decreases the time taken to write the test. This functionality can be very useful for non-technical users. However, one must not rely fully on this tool for writing tests. One of the important skills to master is to learn exactly how the framework operates during automation testing.
To record the test, run codegen and perform all actions in the web browser. Codegen will review the rendered page, identify the recommended locator, and prioritize role, text, and test ID locators. It identifies multiple elements matching the locator and makes it more resilient. In this way, it decreases test failures due to locators.
Playwright has some important tools that further increase the quality of testing. Some of these tools are Codegen, playwright inspector, and trace viewer. Codegen gives Playwright the capability to generate tests by recording actions. The playwright inspector inspects web pages, generates selectors, performs test execution, reviews click points, and explores execution logs. The Trace Viewer tool allows capturing all information to understand the cause behind test failures.
With the trace view and inspector tool, developers can view step-by-step activity during a test run. It can identify performance issues and other actions, such as network requests and page interactions.
Automated Browser Context Management
Playwright is aligned with the modern browser architecture, and it provides the chance to test scenarios in multiple tables, origins, and users. It can manage browser contexts, making it easier for testers to navigate between various tabs. Context management enables testing complex scenarios involving numerous tabs and minimizes the time and effort required in creating a testing environment.
Visual Testing API
Playwright provides users with the option of visual regression testing API. It helps in comparing screenshots of web pages in different browsers. Testers can quickly review visible changes during development using this feature and enhance user experience. You can either view the entire page or only specific elements in the application. After completing the test, testers can view the visual comparison generated in the test report. Testers can rapidly identify and resolve discrepancies by comparing actual and expected images in the test retries.
To conclude, the playwright is a reliable tool for quick automation testing. This article provided a glimpse of the top 10 features of the playwright for seamless automation testing. Some prominent features that can speed testing are Playwright test generation, auto-waiting mechanisms, screenshot offerings, test retry, codegen ability, language compatibility, powerful tools, automated browser context management, multiple browser testing, and visual testing API.
The powerful tools such as codegen, trace reviewer, and Playwright inspector can provide an extra edge to testers as they can select elements to enhance the testing environment. Thus, testers can review all the features and select elements as per their needs. With the review of the above features, Playwright boasts excellent performance, multiple browser testing, an increase in resilience, and a decrease in flaky test results. Hence, Playwright is the savior for you when testing the performance of web pages or websites.